This book is written as par the RTU syllabus for B.Tech 7 semester engineering students.
1. Fundamentals of Fading
Objectives, Propagation Modes, Ground Wave Propagation (< 2MHz), Sky Wave Propagation (2 to 30 MHz), Line of Sight (Space Wave) Propagation (>30 MHz), Fading in Mobile Environment, Multipath Propagation, Fading, Factors Influencing Small Scale Fading, Multipath Channels, Parameters of Mobile Multipath Channels, Types of Fading Multipath Channels, Solved Examples, Review Questions.
2. Spread Spectrum Systems
Objectives, Basic Concept of Spread Spectrum, Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DS-SS), Frequency Hopped Spread Spectrum (FH-SS), Time Hopping Spread Spectrum (THSS), Hybrid Spread Spectrum, Spread Spectrum Code Division Multiple Access, Direct Sequence CDMA, Frequency Hopping CDMA (FH-CDMA), Time hopping CDMA (TH-CDMA), Spreading Sequences, PN Sequences, Generation of PN Sequences, Orthogonal Codes, Synchronization in Spread Spectrum System, Applications of Spread Spectrum Technology, Solved Examples, Review Questions.
3. Line of Sight Microwave Communication
Objectives, Microwave Signal Propagation, Link Engineering, Wire Line Data Link, Radio Wave Link, Microwave Link, Frequency Planning, Free Space Loss (FSL), Fresnel Zone Clearance, Bending of Radio Beam, Effective Earth Radius, Effect of Earth’s Curvature on Tropospheric Propagation, Building Blocks of Transmitter and Receiver, Solved Examples, Review Questions.
4. Multiple Access Communications
Objectives, Multiple Access in a Radio Cell, Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA), Nonlinear Effects in FDMA, Number of Channels in FDMA System, Spectral Efficiency of FDMA, Merits of FDMA System, Limitations of FDMA System, Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA), Efficiency of TDMA System, Number of Channels in TDMA System, Merits of TDMA System, Limitations of TDMA System, Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA), Cell Capacity of a DS–CDMA System, Merits of CDMA System, Limitations of CDMA System, Comparison of FDMA, TDMA and CDMA, Space Division Multiple Access (SDMA), Random Packet Radio Multiple Access (RPRMA), Packet Radio Protocols, Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA), TDMA Based Networks, Design Considerations for TDMA Mobile Systems, 2.5G TDMA Based Networks, CDMA Based Networks, Design Considerations for CDMA Based Networks, IS-95 Second Generation CDMA Standard, 2.5G CDMA Based Networks, Solved Examples, Review Questions.
5. Global System for Mobile (GSM)
Objectives, GSM Network Architecture, Mobile Station (MS), Base Station Subsystem (BSS), Network and Switching Subsystem (NSS), GSM Signalling Protocol Architecture, Physical Layer, Data Link Layer (DLL), Networking and Messaging Layer, Radio Link Aspects of GSM, GSM TDMA Format, GSM Codec, Channel Coding and Interleaving, Review Questions.
6. Cordless Systems and Wireless Local Loop
Objectives, CT2 Standards for Cordless Telephones, CT2 Services and Features, CT2 Standards, Digital European Cordless Telephone (DECT), DECT Features and Characteristics, DECT Protocol Architecture, DECT Frame Format, Wireless Local Loop, Propagation Considerations for WLL, WLL System Architecture, WLL Protocol Architecture, Approaches for WLL Application, Review Questions.
7. Mobile IP
Objectives, Functioning of Mobile IP, Protocol Support for Mobile-IP, IPv6, Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP), Message Authentication, Review Questions.
8. Wireless Access Protocol
Objectives, WAP Programming Model, WAP Protocol Architecture, Wireless Application Environment (WAE), Wireless Session Protocol (WSP), WSP Services, Wireless Transaction Protocol (WTP), Wireless Datagram Protocol (WDP), WDP Services, Wireless Markup Language (WML), Comparison of OSI, Internet and WAP Stack, Limited Addressed by WAP, Review Questions.
9. Wireless Local Area Network IEEE802.11 Standards
Objectives, WLAN System Overview, Design Goals of WLAN, Requirements for WLAN, WLAN Technology, Infrared LAN, Radio Transmission LAN, Comparison of WLAN Technologies, Infrared v/s Radio Transmission, Infrastructure and Ad-hoc Networks, IEEE 802.11 WLAN, System Architecture of IEEE 802.11, Protocol Architecture of IEEE 802.11, Applications of WLAN, Hiperlan, HIPERLAN-1 Requirements, HIPERLAN-1 Protocol Architecture, Information Bases and Networking, Review Questions.
Objectives, History of Bluetooth, User Scenarios, Bluetooth Protocol Architecture, Physical Layer, MAC Layer, Networking, Security, Link Management, Review Questions.
11. IEEE 802.16 Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Standard
Objectives, System Reference Architecture of IEEE 802.16, Protocol Architecture of 802.16, IEEE 802.16 Services, IEEE 802.16.1 Services, IEEE 802.16.3 Services, IEEE 802.16.1 MAC Layer Frame Format, Review Questions.
12. Elements of Satellite Communication
Objectives, Historical Background of Satellite Communication, Satellite System, Frequency Bands for Satellite Services, Active and Passive Satellites, Active Satellite, Passive Satellite, Satellite Applications, Transmission by Satellite, Capacity Allocation, Multiplexing Techniques for SATCOM, Modulation in Satellite Communication, Multiple Access Techniques for Satellite Communication, Satellite Orbit, Equation of Orbit (Orbital Period and Velocity), Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion, Orbital Elements of Satellite Communication, Orbit of a Satellite, Look Angle Determination, Coverage Angle and Slant Range, Effects of Orbital Inclination, Other Orbital Effects in Communications System Performance, Types of Orbital Satellites, Solved Examples, Review Questions.
13. Satellite Description
Objectives, Attitude and Orbit Control (AOC) Subsystem, Attitude Control System, Orbit Control System, Telemetry, Tracking, Command and Monitoring (TTC&M) Subsystem, Telemetry and Monitoring System, Tracking, Command, Power Subsystem, Communication Subsystem, Single Conversion Transponder, Double Conversion Transponder, Satellite Antenna Subsystem, Review Questions.
14. Earth Station
Objectives, Earth Station Antennas, High Power Amplifier (HPA), TWT Amplifier, Klystron Amplifiers, Solid State Amplifiers, Low Noise Amplifier (LNA), Parametric Amplifier, GaAs FET Amplifier, Redundancy Configurations, Upconverter, Transponder Hopping, Polarization Hoping, and Redundancy Configuration for Upconverter, Downconverter, Transponder Hopping, Polarization hopping and Redundancy Configuration for Downconverter, Monitoring and Control, Reliability, Review Questions.
15. Satellite Link Design
Objectives, General Link Design Equation, C/N Ratio in Satellite Link Design, Noise Temperature, Calculation of System Noise Temperature, Noise Figure, G/T Ratio for Earth Stations, Solved Examples, Review Questions.